Cognitive profile and mental health in adult phenylketonuria: A PKU-COBESO study.
Jahja R, Huijbregts SCJ, de Sonneville LMJ, van der Meere JJ, Legemaat AM, Bosch AM, Hollak CEM, Rubio-Gozalbo ME, Brouwers MCGJ, Hofstede FC, de Vries MC, Janssen MCH, van der Ploeg AT, Langendonk JG, van Spronsen FJ
Neuropsychology, 2017 May
Despite early dietary treatment phenylketonuria patients have lower IQ and poorer executive functions compared to healthy controls. Cognitive problems in phenylketonuria have often been associated with phenylalanine levels. The present study examined the cognitive profile and mental health in adult phenylketonuria, in relation to phenylalanine levels and tetrahydrobiopterin treatment.