Autism spectrum disorder: an early and frequent feature in cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis.
Stelten BML, Bonnot O, Huidekoper HH, van Spronsen FJ, van Hasselt PM, Kluijtmans LAJ, Wevers RA, Verrips A
Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 2018 07
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is an autosomal recessively inherited inborn error of metabolism (IEM) due to mutations in the CYP27A1 gene. The clinical picture ranges from being nearly asymptomatic in early childhood, up to severe disability at adult age. Infantile-onset diarrhea and juvenile-onset cataract are the earliest symptoms in childhood. In the current study, we evaluated the presence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a large cohort of CTX patients.