Newborn screening for Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis: A retrospective biomarker study using both flow-injection and UPLC-MS/MS analysis in 20,000 newborns.

Vaz FM, Jamal Y, Barto R, Gelb MH, DeBarber AE, Wevers RA, Nelen MR, Verrips A, Bootsma AH, Bouva MJ, Kleise N, van der Zee W, He T, Salomons GS, Huidekoper HH

Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 2022 Dec 16


Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX) is a treatable disorder of bile acid synthesis caused by deficiency of 27-sterol hydroxylase -encoded by CYP27A1- leading to gastrointestinal and progressive neuropsychiatric symptoms. Biochemically, CTX is characterized by accumulation of the bile alcohol cholestanetetrol glucuronide (GlcA-tetrol) and the deficiency of tauro-chenodeoxycholic acid (t-CDCA) and tauro-trihydroxycholestanoic acid (t-THCA).

doi: S0009-8981(22)01414-0