A Delphi Survey Study to Formulate Statements on the Treatability of Inherited Metabolic Disorders to Decide on Eligibility for Newborn Screening.

Veldman A, Kiewiet MBG, Westra D, Bosch AM, Brands MMG, de Coo RIFM, Derks TGJ, Fuchs SA, van den Hout JMP, Huidekoper HH, Kluijtmans LAJ, Koop K, Lubout CMA, Mulder MF, Panis B, Rubio-Gozalbo ME, de Sain-van der Velden MG, Schaefers J, Schreuder AB, Visser G, Wevers RA, Wijburg FA, Heiner-Fokkema MR, van Spronsen FJ

International journal of neonatal screening, 2023 Oct 11


The Wilson and Jungner (W&J) and Andermann criteria are meant to help select diseases eligible for population-based screening. With the introduction of next-generation sequencing (NGS) methods for newborn screening (NBS), more inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs) can technically be included, and a revision of the criteria was attempted. This study aimed to formulate statements and investigate whether those statements could elaborate on the criterion of for IMDs to decide on eligibility for NBS. An online Delphi study was started among a panel of Dutch IMD experts (EPs). EPs evaluated, amended, and approved statements on that were subsequently applied to 10 IMDs. After two rounds of Delphi, consensus was reached on 10 statements. Application of these statements selected 5 out of 10 IMDs proposed for this study as eligible for NBS, including 3 IMDs in the current Dutch NBS. The statement: 'The expected benefit/burden ratio of early treatment is positive and results in a significant health outcome' contributed most to decision-making. Our Delphi study resulted in 10 statements that can help to decide on eligibility for inclusion in NBS based on , also showing that other criteria could be handled in a comparable way. Validation of the statements is required before these can be applied as guidance to authorities.

doi: 10.3390/ijns9040056