104-week efficacy and safety of cipaglucosidase alfa plus miglustat in adults with late-onset Pompe disease: a phase III open-label extension study (ATB200-07).

Schoser B, Kishnani PS, Bratkovic D, Byrne BJ, Claeys KG, Díaz-Manera J, Laforêt P, Roberts M, Toscano A, van der Ploeg AT, Castelli J, Goldman M, Holdbrook F, Sitaraman Das S, Wasfi Y, Mozaffar T,

Journal of neurology, 2024 Feb 28


The phase III double-blind PROPEL study compared the novel two-component therapy cipaglucosidase alfa + miglustat (cipa + mig) with alglucosidase alfa + placebo (alg + pbo) in adults with late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD). This ongoing open-label extension (OLE; NCT04138277) evaluates long-term safety and efficacy of cipa + mig. Outcomes include 6-min walk distance (6MWD), forced vital capacity (FVC), creatine kinase (CK) and hexose tetrasaccharide (Hex4) levels, patient-reported outcomes and safety. Data are reported as change from PROPEL baseline to OLE week 52 (104 weeks post-PROPEL baseline). Of 118 patients treated in the OLE, 81 continued cipa + mig treatment from PROPEL (cipa + mig group; 61 enzyme replacement therapy [ERT] experienced prior to PROPEL; 20 ERT naïve) and 37 switched from alg + pbo to cipa + mig (switch group; 29 ERT experienced; 8 ERT naive). Mean (standard deviation [SD]) change in % predicted 6MWD from baseline to week 104 was + 3.1 (8.1) for cipa + mig and - 0.5 (7.8) for the ERT-experienced switch group, and + 8.6 (8.6) for cipa + mig and + 8.9 (11.7) for the ERT-naïve switch group. Mean (SD) change in % predicted FVC was - 0.6 (7.5) for cipa + mig and - 3.8 (6.2) for the ERT-experienced switch group, and - 4.8 (6.5) and - 3.1 (6.7), respectively, in ERT-naïve patients. CK and Hex4 levels improved in both treatment groups by week 104 with cipa + mig treatment. Three patients discontinued the OLE due to infusion-associated reactions. No new safety signals were identified. Cipa + mig treatment up to 104 weeks was associated with overall maintained improvements (6MWD, biomarkers) or stabilization (FVC) from baseline with continued durability, and was well tolerated, supporting long-term benefits for patients with LOPD.Trial registration number: NCT04138277; trial start date: December 18, 2019.

doi: 10.1007/s00415-024-12236-0